If you’re planning to install a solar water pump, whether it’s for your pool, pond, or farm, you’ll find two high-quality types of solar water pump available in the market:

  • Surface Solar Water Pump
  • Submersible Solar Water Pump

Choosing the right one for you can greatly vary depending on your application and location. So, to ease and enlighten you about the difference between these two solar water pumps, read below the information that we’ve gathered for you.

Surface VS Submersible Solar Water Pumps What should you choose

What is a Surface Solar Water Pump?

A surface solar water pump is basically installed on the surface or ground. It’s easy to install and you can access it anytime. However, since it’s placed on the surface, it’ll have to constantly face different weather conditions such as rain, storm, and snow. It can also be a target for possible vandalism.

Extreme cold weather can also affect its performance and can cause it to freeze. This can lead to trapping and freezing of water inside the pump which can heavily damage it. It is also not to be recommended for areas that experience flooding, thunderstorms and wildlife because it doesn’t have enough protection against these.

Another thing you may face with this pump is the amount of energy it needs to operate. So, it is not ideal for families that need to be suctioned first and moved up from a water source. This process requires a lot of power to complete.


Key points of Surface Solar Water Pump

  • It requires a lot of energy to operate
  • It’ll have to battle different weather conditions
  • It’ll require extra protection against flash floods, thunderstorms, wildlife, and possible vandalism

However, if your location doesn’t have a water source that is deeper than 9 meters, then a surface solar water pump is your best option.


What is a Submersible Water Pump?

Now, when it comes to a submersible water pump, it’ll require complete submersion into the water. That’s why this is perfect for places with a deep water source, as much as possible deeper than 9 meters.

One of the biggest benefits of choosing a submersible solar water pump is that it’s efficient and consumes less energy.

Since this pump is submerged in water, it is already the main source of water. As a result, the energy it needs in pushing out the water is lesser.

Another good thing about a submersible pump is that it’s not exposed to the following:

  • Various weather conditions like rain, thunderstorm, and snow
  • Possible vandalism
  • Flash floods
  • Wildlife

A submersible solar water pump also has a quieter operation because it’s submerged in water. The water acts like a barrier to the sound it makes while operating. So, the atmosphere in your area will not be disturbed and will remain silent.


Key Points of Submersible Solar Water Pumps

  • Efficient
  • Quieter operation
  • Consume less energy
  • Safe from dangerous weather conditions

You just need to keep in mind the appropriate water level where it is submerged to avoid problems. So, if your location doesn’t have the right depth of water to submerge this pump, you may want to rethink your choice.



Both pumps will still consume energy and have an impact on your electric bill. Since they’re both using solar panels, you’ll have lesser energy consumption compared to using direct current. There may be a slight difference but it will cost you almost zero operating cost.

Just make sure to consider your location and application before choosing between a surface solar water pump and a submersible solar water pump. If you’re unsure about your location, you may want to call a professional to set an ocular and analyse your area.

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